Types of TMT bars
Generally there are two types of TMT bars available in the market.
1. Mild steel bars (as per IS: 432, part-I -1982) : Mild TMT bars are utilized for pliable worry of RCC (Reinforced bond solid) chunk shafts and so on in strengthened concrete solid work. These steel bars are plain in surface and are round areas of measurement from 6 to 50 mm. These bars are made in long lengths and can be cut rapidly and be twisted effectively without harm.
2. Deformed steel bars (as per IS: 1786-1985) : As Deformed TMT bars are bars of steels furnished with drags, ribs or disfigurement on the outside of bar, these bars limit slippage in cement and expands the bond between the two materials. Twisted bars have more tractable worries than that of mellow steel plain bars. These bars can be utilized without end snares. The disfigurement ought to be divided along the bar at significantly uniform separations.
To confine splits that may create in fortified cement around gentle steel bars because of extending of bars and some lose of bond under burden it is entirely expected to utilize distorted bars that have anticipating ribs or are wound to improve the bond with cement. These bars are delivered in segments from 6 mm to 50 mm dia.
Various Grades of Mild Steel Bars
Reinforcement bars in accordance with standard IS No. 432 part-I can be classified into following types.
1) Mild TMT Bars: Mild steel bars can be supplied in two grades
a)Mild steel bars grade-I designated as Fe 410-S or Grade 60
b) Mild steel bars grade-II designated as Fe-410-o or Grade 40
2) Medium Tensile TMT Bars designated as Fe- 540-w-ht or Grade 75
|Sr. No.||Types of nominal size of bars||Ultimate Tensile Stress N/mm2 minimum||Yield Stress N/mm2||Elongation Percent minimum|
|1.||Mild Steel Grade I or Grade 60|
|For bars up to 20mm||410||250||23|
|For bars above 20mm upto 50 mm||410||240||23|
|2.||Mild Steel Grade-II or Grade 40|
|For bar up to 20mm||370||225||23|
|For bars above 20mm upto 50 mm||370||215||23|
|3.||Medium Tensile Steel Grade-75|
|for bars up to 16mm||540||350||20|
|for bars above 16 mm up to 32 mm||540||340||20|
|for bars above 32 mm up to 50 mm||510||330||20|
Level II Mild steel bar are not suggested for use in structures situated in earth shudder zones subject to serious harm and for structures subject to dynamic stacking (other than wind stacking, for example, railroads and interstates spans.
Each parcel or transfer of gentle steel bars brought at the site of work ought to be tried in lab before use in the work. Anyway for little work one can utilize mellow steel bars based on checking tests results made by maker in his very own research center; which are accessible with provider.
Some of producers stepped MS bars grade with their make/name and furthermore give affirmation of test and grade. Based on the above data you can store gentle steel bars grade-wise at the site of work.
Weight of Different Steel Bars
|M S Steel round & square Bar|
|Sr. No.||Dia of steel bar||Weight per meter|
|Round Bar||Square Bar|
|c||10mm||0.62 Kg||0.78 Kg|
|d||12mm||0.89 Kg||1.13 Kg|
|e||16mm||1.58 Kg||2.01 Kg|
|f||20 mm||2.46 Kg||3.14 Kg|
|g||25 mm||3.85 Kg||4.91 Kg|
|h||28 mm||4.83 Kg||6.15 Kg|
|i||32 mm||6.31 Kg||8.04 Kg|
|j||36 mm||7.99 Kg||10.17 Kg|
|k||40 mm||9.86 Kg||12.56 Kg|
|l||45 mm||12.49 Kg||15.90 Kg|
|m||50 mm||15.41 Kg||19.62 Kg|
When we need to buy Mild TMT Bars individuals from the market, the retailer cites the cost of steel individuals in weight.
At the point when any kind of steel individuals for use in house development is required, we compute the length of steel part in feet or meter yet we are insensible about the heaviness of steel.
Here are subtleties of weight per meter for different kinds of steel individuals:-
This will help us for assessed weight and cost. It will likewise help at the season of procurement to stay away from pilferage in weight.